13 first copies of things, without which you can not imagine your life. Eyes do not believe!
Nowadays, humanity is so accustomed to many things that make life easier and simpler, which gives the impression that they always existed. But do not rush to draw such conclusions: everything that you used to use every day, without even thinking about it, was once invented by someone. And often the primary configurations of the instruments and devices we were used to were so amazing and marvelous that not every modern person would have known what it really is.
Progress never stands still, it is enough to remember how the usual things for all of us have changed in just the past two decades. And what can we say about what metamorphosis occurred with household appliances since their first appearance in the world.See and be amazed how familiar adaptations now looked. I'm sure some of them will shock you!
The first remote control
Who can now imagine his life without this device? And the console was invented back in 1956 by the American Robert Adler. The console was mechanical and used ultrasound to set the channel and volume. It looked like this: when the user pressed the button, she clicked and hit the plate, each of which extracted noise of a different frequency.
First duct tape
You'll be amazed, but despite the well-known name “scotch” (which means “Scottish” in Russian), this thing was invented far from Scotland. She was invented by the German pharmacist Oscar Troplowitz in 1901. The invention was called "leukoplast" and was intended to protect skin lesions. In order to save considerably, the manufacturer of such a miracle initially applied glue only on the edges of the tape. For this, the Americans called the first adhesive tape scotch because of the common legends about the Scottish stinginess.
The first soap mass production
Such a hygiene product, like soap, has been known since the time of the Sumerians in Babylon. However, the first mass production of soap called “Ivory soap” was established in 1879 by the well-known company Procter & Gamble. By the way, the first copy of this series was sold for 10 cents.
The first chemical matches
You might think that matches exist on Earth as much as a person lives. However, you are very mistaken. The first match was made in 1805 by the French chemist Jean Chancel. These were small wooden sticks that ignited when the head made of a mixture of sulfur, potassium chloride and cinnabar with concentrated sulfuric acid. And in 1826 the English chemist John Walker invented the familiar sulfur matches for all of us.
For the first time, the progenitors of modern toothbrushes began to be produced by the Englishman William Edis in the distant 1780, but the American Wadsworth received the first patent for such an invention in the 1850s. You will be pretty surprised that such brushes were made from the bristles of a Siberian wild boar, and their handle is made from bone. Who would have thought!
For the first time such a device saw the world in 1967 in the USA.At that time, Americans rarely used seat belts, so an innovation that allowed them to protect passengers from a collision was in high demand.
It all started with the fact that once the American King Gillette dull razor blade, and the time to go to the hairdresser and sharpen it, sorely lacked. Then he invented a simple ingenious way: he closed the blade between the two plates in such a way that only two edges were exposed. The handle was attached separately - perpendicular to the blade. You understood correctly, this was the first prototype of the usual safe razor for us.
James Dewar dealt with the problem of long-term storage of liquefied gases - nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, so he made a special vessel in the form of a flask with a narrow neck. To improve thermal insulation, the scientist covered the inside of the flask with a thin layer of silver. It is worth noting that the German Reinhold Berger quickly realized that from this discovery can be extracted a considerable commercial benefit. A resourceful entrepreneur created a company that produces a vacuum flask, complementing the Dewar vessel with a lid-cup and an airtight stopper.
First canned food
Such a great way of storing many foods, such as preservation, became known to mankind thanks to the Frenchman Nicolas François Uppert. The first canned food were glass jars with fruit mashed potatoes, broth, broths, which were supplied to French soldiers during Napoleon's time. A little later, Upper opened his own store in Paris and issued his own book on conservation. Thus, the whole world soon learned about this ingenious invention.
Yes, yes, this linen bag, saturated with salts and grass infusions, is nothing but the first condom invented by the Italian Gabriela Faloppio. A little later came the idea of making condoms from films and membranes of animal origin. Such contraceptives were too expensive a pleasure: they say that they were used only in smart brothels.
First ballpoint pen
Hard to imagine, but until the twentieth century, people did not even know about such an adaptation as a ballpoint pen. The great-grandmother of modern pens was invented by the Hungarian journalist László Bíró in 1931, and patented after many seven years.By the way, in Argentina, where the inventor journalist lived for many years, such pens are called “bioms” in his honor.
The first digital camera
Engineer Stephen Sasson, who worked for Kodak, created the first digital camera back in 1975. The camera weighed almost three kilograms and made it possible to record images of 100 × 100 pixels in size on a magnetic tape of a compact cassette. Those who used this device had to have angelic patience, because each frame was recorded for 23 seconds!
First Medical Syringe
It is interesting to know that the first prototypes of modern syringes were made of a rubber cylinder, into which a well-fitted piston made of leather and asbestos with a metal pin jutting out was placed. At the same time, at the other end of the cylinder, a hollow needle was strengthened. Since the cylinder was opaque, notches for the dosage of the medicine were made not on it, but on the metal pin of the piston.
I wonder how familiar things once looked like ... And many of them have an incredible creation story! As you have seen, a lot of ingenious inventions, without which you can’t even imagine your life today, came into being thanks to chance.