Causes of Cerebral Palsy
A diagnosis like cerebral palsy scares many parents and sounds like a sentence. But do not give up. It is necessary to identify the causes of cerebral palsy, which lead to a violation of the motor functions of the baby. In most cases, it is impossible to single out only one reason; one should speak of a combination of several adverse factors that occurred during pregnancy and at birth.
Modern studies have shown that in 80% of cases, when cerebral palsy is diagnosed, the causes are associated with brain damage during fetal development. Later, intrauterine pathology may be complicated by intranatal. However, in almost a third of cases, it is not possible to establish the causes of the birth of children with cerebral palsy. In modern medicine, over 400 factors affecting the development of the fetus are described. In 70-80% of cases, the main cause of cerebral pathology is hidden in the impact on the brain of several harmful factors. We list them.
What affects the development of cerebral palsy
- Hypoxia child. Oxygen starvation, in the womb or after birth,leads to the underdevelopment of the brain structures of the baby, especially those areas that are responsible for maintaining body balance and the formation of reflex mechanisms. As a result, the muscle tone in the skeleton is incorrectly distributed, and pathologies of motor reactions occur.
- Birth injuries. Such injuries in only a small number of cases are the only cause of damage to a child’s brain. In most cases, the already existing pathology of the child, which has arisen due to its intrauterine damage, determines the severity of labor.
- Hemolytic disease of the newborn. Due to this "nuclear jaundice", fetal brain intoxication occurs. The cause of jaundice can be the incompatibility of the blood of the mother and the child in a group or Rh factor, and liver failure of the newborn.
- Diseases of the mother. Diseases such as: hypertension, anemia, obesity, heart defects, rubella, diabetes, can cause cerebral palsy. Other risk factors are the intake of certain drugs during pregnancy, stress, alcohol, injuries, viral infections carried during pregnancy.
- Complications during pregnancy and childbirth. These factors include threats of interruption, toxicosis and immunological incompatibility between the mother and the child.
- Complications of childbirth. In the presence of fetal abnormalities in the fetus, childbirth is often difficult and prolonged. Conditions are created for the occurrence of head injury and asphyxia in the fetus, which causes an additional disorder of the already affected brain. Preterm birth is most dangerous for the development of paralysis.
- Ischemic stroke. These diseases, received in utero or during labor, also lead to the appearance of cerebral pathology.