How are the names translated?
In ancient times it was believed that the name of a person determines his character and destiny. After all, a name is also a word that has its own meaning. Every nation had their own names, which carried a certain symbolic meaning. Later this symbolism was lost, but the names remained.
How are the names translated? The science of onomastics answers this question. Turn to her. The main sources of the now popular Russian names are Ancient Greek, Hebrew, Latin, and Slavic languages.
We know from history that Christianity appeared in Russia in the 10th century. Until that time, the names were Slavic. Their meanings are clear and now, for example, Lyudmila is “dear to the people”, Bogdan is “God-given.” Recently, the fashion for Slavic names has returned, and parents are increasingly giving them to their children. Consider as examples some of them:
- Lada is the goddess of love;
- Boris is a wrestler;
- Vadim - sowing distemper;
- Faith - faith;
- Vladimir - owning the world;
- Vyacheslav - more glorious;
- Love love;
- Milena is sweet;
- Hope is hope;
- Svetlana is bright;
- Yaroslav - possessing bright glory
How names are translated from other languages
No less popular were the names of the German-Scandinavian, because it was through the territory of Russia that the famous path "from the Varangians to the Greeks" passed. Such popular names as Olga ("holy, light") and Igor ("strength, warrior") are of northern origin.
After the baptism of Rus, the names that were mentioned in the calendar became popular. Holidays are a list of names and days of the year, corresponding to the celebration of the name day - Name Day. These names belonged to the saints, venerated by the Church, and the dates - the days of honoring these saints. Hence the naming tradition. It was based on the names of saints, martyrs, apostles, and biblical saints.
But in a short time, the people were not yet accustomed to other names, whose meaning was very vague. Therefore, at that time, many people had 2 names: the first, the worldly - that which his parents gave him, and the church - that which they named in the church at the time of baptism. Gradually, the new names ousted the old ones. But initially alien Greek, Roman and Jewish names acquired a new sound, more pleasant for the Russian ear. So, Basileus became Basil, and Justinius - Ustinia.
How are names translated from Greek?
Greek names in the calendar were for good reason. After all, there were a lot of saints, of Greek origin. However, the names euphonious for the Greek ear, such as Akaki (“white, bright”) were not popular in Russian. And if in pre-revolutionary Russia it was still possible to meet a person with such a name, then now it’s very few people who will call that child a name. Consider some examples of names of Greek origin:
- Alexander is the defender of the people;
- Alexey is a defender;
- Anastasia - resurrected;
- Anatoly - Eastern;
- Angelina - a herald;
- Andrew - the brave;
- Basil - the king;
- Galina - silence;
- George - the farmer. Related names are Yuri, Yegor;
- Dmitry - dedicated to the goddess Demeter;
- Eugene / Eugene - noble, noble;
- Catherine is clean;
- Elena is bright;
- Zoe is life;
- Irina - the world;
- Christina - dedicated to Christ;
- Ksenia is a guest;
- Nikita is the winner;
- Peter is a stone;
- Sophia - wisdom;
- Fedor - God's gift.
How are the names translated from Hebrew?
Names of Hebrew origin are also associated with saints, including the Old Testament. Examples:
- Anna - grace, grace;
- Daniil (and the Russian form - Daniel) - the court of God;
- Eve - life;
- Elizabeth is a worshiper of God;
- Ivan - the mercy of God. The names Yang and Yana are also translated;
- Elijah - the popular form of the name Elijah - the power of God;
- Mary is excellent (according to other interpretations - bitter);
- Michael is godlike;
- Raphael - healing by God;
- Solomon is peaceful;
- Tamara - the fig tree;
- Jacob — the popular form of the name Jacob — was the name of the second born of two twins, Esau’s brother.
How are Roman names translated?
The Roman Empire was a huge state, and Roman was spread in various areas of the continent. Not surprisingly, many Roman names entered the calendar and became popular with us. Examples:
- Valentin / Valentina - healthy / healthy;
- Valery / Valeria - healthy / healthy;
- Victor / Victoria - winner / winner;
- Constantine - permanent;
- Maxim - the greatest (maximum);
- Marina - sea;
- Natalia is a native;
- Pavel is a baby;
- Sergey - tall, highly esteemed;
- Tatyana is a pacifier;
- Ulyana - the Russian form of the name Juliania - from the Julius clan.
A number of modern Russian names has its origin from the Persian language.The Persian king named Darayavush the Greeks called Darius. This name was quite common, and it was translated as "king." Among Russian names, the female form of this name is more popular - Daria - “queen” The Greek name of another Persian king, Cyrus, is translated as "lord," "sun," or "far-sighted." The popular Russian name Cyril, although considered Greek, originates from Ancient Persia. The name Cyril literally translates as "little master."
To learn how to translate names, just look at the sites where there are interpretations of names and the history of their origin.