How to grow an unusual nigella?
Nigella is an amazing and completely unpretentious plant, considered to be the birthplace of Southern Europe and North Africa, and belongs to the buttercup family. Outwardly, these are pretty flowers that grow on a stem 25 to 60 cm long with small filiform gray-green leaves that visually resemble dill.
Nigella is often compared with a fabulous flower, her pale blue, blue, pink and cream flowers deservedly cause such an association.
By the way, the nigella has a lot of other names, the most famous of which is "blackies", probably because of its coal-black seeds, which in their appearance strongly resemble the onion seeds "blackies". You can find other, no less interesting, flower names, for example, “a girl in green”, probably for her simple and even innocent floral appearance.
In the literature there are other options - "Love in the Fog", "Black Cumin", "Italian Coriander" and so on. Growing nigella - a simple matter, in fact, it is an unpretentious and hardy flower, with which even the youngest amateur florist can cope.
Since this is an annual plant, it is not grown at home, it is rarely used even in seedlings, it sprouts well enough after sowing seeds directly in open ground.
Most often, blackcurrant is used for decorative purposes, it looks particularly advantageous as an element of landscape design. Lovely, but very bright flowers with refined foliage, harmoniously look on flowerbeds, rockeries, alpine slides, along hedges and borders, with their help you can create cute and diverse ensembles on your favorite plot or cottage.
In addition to its decorative function, Nigella has a whole list of useful properties, which we'll talk about a little later. By the way, even after flowering, which lasts about one month, pretty boxes are formed at the places of flowers, which, together with the seeds, can please the eye all winter, and decorators use them as an auxiliary detail when creating interesting bouquets.
How to grow?
As we have already said, this is an extremely unpretentious plant with which you will not have much trouble. To start, choose a place: the nymph prefers open and well warmed by the sun places.In the shade it will grow poorly, and if the ground-cover plants are located nearby, it may even die.
Usually for planting such flowers used about 1 g of seeds per square meter of soil. Often, planting is carried out in early spring in open ground: the depth touched to leave about 3 centimeters. Between the rows they usually keep a small distance, about 40 cm, however, sometimes nigella is specially planted in dense groups.
After sifting, the rows must be covered with a film until the first shoots appear. Some amateur gardeners grow chernushka from seedlings, however, this procedure is optional. Seedlings are usually planted in May in permanent ground and after a month the young seedlings begin to bloom.
In total, there are about 20 species in the Nigella genus, but the most beloved growers are two famous - Spanish and Damascus nigella.
The latter reaches a height of about 45 cm and is distinguished by delicate blue, white and blue flowers with a diameter of about 5 cm. The Spanish view attracts the attention of flower growers with its saturated blue flowers, which are filled with a large number of bright stamens.
As for irrigation, here the plant is not picky, the main thing is not to overdry the soil and avoid excessive humidity, regular moderate watering is the best option. Also, Nigella does not like an oversupply of fertilizers, and therefore it is necessary to apply them carefully and gradually.
This cold-resistant plant, which is able to withstand even small frosts, is practically not damaged by pests and even sometimes grows on beds of self-sowing. Seeds are harvested from ripe bolls, which are cut from the stems and dried in a cool room. Then they shake out and put in paper bags.
What is useful?
As we have said, this flower, besides its decorative abilities, boasts a number of useful properties. Nigella has found application in traditional medicine, there it is used as an excellent choleretic agent, and indeed, it is useful for any diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The use of this plant has a positive effect on the psyche and sleep, calms the nerves and improves mood.
In general, the nigella has a restorative and tonic effect, in the East it is considered a blessed remedy for all ailments.The easiest way is to use fresh Chernushka leaves directly for food, they are added to salads, vegetable soups and used to prepare main dishes.
Tea based on nigella seeds is useful, and for health purposes you can prepare a decoction based on fresh flowers. The most famous application of this plant is the use of nigella seeds in pickling, souring and salting vegetables, as well as baking confectionery, in cooking they are called "cumin".