How to rub the seams on the tile?
Watch the video
Ceramic tiles - one of the best materials used for walls and floors in residential buildings and public spaces. The tiled surface is beautiful, practical and durable. Tile installation work is completed with grouting of tile joints. Without this operation, the finishing of floors or walls with ceramic tiles cannot be considered completely finished, as the grout not only improves the appearance of the tile covering, but also seals the joints. Properly applied, the trowel mixture helps to avoid moisture penetration into the joints between the tiles, which is very important for maintaining the strength and durability of the tile coating. Water flowing into the seams and falling under the tile destroys the adhesive composition. As a result of this, tiles can simply peel off from the wall or floor.
How to properly tile the seams
Tools and materials:
To grout the joints will require:
- ready dry trowel mix;
- small plastic bucket;
- big bucket for water;
- a metal spatula about 10 cm wide for mixing the mixture;
- special rubber spatula for grouting 6 - 8 cm wide;
- household gloves;
- big strong and elastic sponge;
- the jointing (it can be an unfinished sharpened wooden stick, a handle from an old toothbrush, or a piece of antenna cable);
- awl and sharp knife;
- clean rag.
How to rub the seams on the tile. Operating procedure
- Wipe seams no earlier than three days after tile laying.
- Before rubbing up the seams of the tile thoroughly clean them from traces of glue. For these purposes, use the awl and the knife. Do this very carefully, so as not to damage the surface and edges of the tiles.
- Wipe the seams with a sponge which is abundantly moistened with water.
- Carefully read the instructions on the packaging of the mixture. In accordance with it, measure the amount of clean water needed to prepare the grout. If the mixture is packaged in a large package, do not dilute it all at once. To prepare the grout, take a pound of dry mix.
- Pour three quarters of the measured water into a small plastic bucket. Gradually pour the dry mixture into the water and stir it.metal trowel.After the mixture has been poured, mix the grout thoroughly and check its consistency. Properly prepared grout should look like thick homemade sour cream. If the grout is too steep, gradually add the remaining water and stir the mixture constantly.
- After the grout is ready, leave it for about five minutes to infuse.
- Stir the grout very carefully again.
- Apply the grout to the area of tile covering an area of not more than one and a half square meters.
- In this area again moisten all seams with a sponge.
- Rub on the walls, first vertical joints, and then horizontal. Fill the joints with grout using a rubber spatula.
- Put a small amount of grout onto the spatula and hold it at an angle of 300to the surface of the tile, short movements diagonally to the seam rub in the seam grout. After that, one long movement along the seam with a spatula remove the excess mixture from the surface of the tile. Try to rub the trowel mixture with great effort to keep it as deep as possible.penetrated between the tiles. How professional builders do this can be seen in the video below.
- When the entire area selected for work is carefully wiped, wait for 15 to 20 minutes, necessary for the mixture to set lightly, and proceed with the wet removal of excess grout.
- Type in a bucket in the water, moisten a sponge in it and wipe off any excess grout from the tile surface with neat circular motions. Rinse the sponge often with water and squeeze well. Qualitatively rubbed seam should be smooth and slightly recessed into the surface of the tile coating.
- For a more even seam, use a jointing. Roll over the incompletely hardened grout and remove any excess excess from the surface with a damp sponge.
- After a few hours to shine wipe the tiles with a dry cloth.
How to choose the right trowel mix
For grouting use special grouting mixtures that are sold in hardware stores. Depending on the constituent components of the mixture are divided into five groups:
- cement mixes;
- epoxy mixtures;
- polymer blends;
- polymer cement mixtures;
- epoxy-cement mixtures.
Cement and polymer-cement mixtures are used for grouting joints inside rooms with moderate air humidity.
The mixture, which includes epoxy resin, is used for both internal and external finishing works. They are the most durable and moisture resistant of all grout.
Polymeric grout, as a rule, is used for laying tiles of stone or porcelain.
When choosing a grouting mix, in addition to the operating conditions, the width of the inter-tile joints should also be taken into account. Mixtures are divided into grout for narrow joints (not more than 5 mm) and grout for wide joints. About which group this or that mixture belongs to can be read on its packaging.There are also universal mixtures that can be used for grouting joints with a width of two to twenty millimeters.
The next thing to look for when choosing a mixture is its color. The grout is usually selected in the color of the tile, but it is taken one to two shades darker than the tile itself.