What are related words?
Related words are words that have the same root. At the same time, they belong to different particles of speech. So, for example, related words can be called "white", "whiteness", "turn white". Continuing the conversation about what are related words, it is necessary to note that in their definition it is necessary to take into account a number of features. About this and talk further.
How are related words formed?
Related words are formed by a certain set of prefixes and suffixes (postfixes). If words, having one root, differ only in endings (inflections), they cannot be considered related. For example, “river-a” and “river-y” are not related words, but forms of the same word.
In Russian, the most common methods of word formation, as is well known, are prefix, suffix, prefix and suffix. In the first case, the word is formed solely by the means of adding a prefix, in the second - the suffix.As for the prefix-suffix method, a symbiosis of the two aforementioned methods is used. The prefixal method is not very suitable for creating related words. Indeed, the words “to run,” “to run,” and “run,” do not have any particular difference.
What words are not related
Continuing the theme of what words are related, it is necessary to say about the need to remember homonymous roots. That is, the words “water-life” and “water-yana” cannot be considered related, because the meanings of these, at first glance, identical roots are different.
In addition to all the above, one should remember about historically related words that have ceased to be related in modern Russian. For example, in the past, the words “victory” and “trouble” were related. Today they are not considered as such. Therefore, the term “historically related” is applied to them.