What is a biometric passport?

Ksenia Gaynulina
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What is a biometric passport?

A biometric passport is a passport of a new sample containing biometric data about its owner, namely, a special biometric photo containing the actual distance between the eyes of the picture taken. It may contain other biometric data, such as fingerprints and photographs of the retina. This is the answer to the question of what a biometric passport is. The first page is a plastic card with a special chip containing digital data about the owner, his age and place of birth, a color photo, as well as information about the organization that issued the document and the date of its issue. For information on how to get a biometric passport in the Russian Federation, look in the section Passport.

Differences from a regular passport, advantages and disadvantages

If we talk about the Russian international passport of the new and new sample, the new one has the following differences:


  • High level of protection (ngo is harder to fake).
  • It contains specific information, including a color digital photo, by which you can better identify the owner.
  • Its validity period is 10 years instead of 5.
  • The number of pages increased to 46 (you can make more trips to replace).
  • Accelerated passage of passport control in a number of Western countries: USA, Canada, UK, Germany and many other EU countries.


  • Children need their own international passport.
  • The state duty for adults is 2,500 rubles, for children 1,200, which is significantly more expensive than a regular passport.
  • Data from the passport can be read without the knowledge of the owner, which adversely affects human freedom.

Where is common

Today it is distributed in many countries, including: in the USA, Canada, Great Britain, Germany and many other countries of the European Union. Actively implemented in the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Poland, Moldova, Latvia, Pakistan, Israel, Finland and Estonia.