What is hematoma?

Irina Saprykina
Irina Saprykina
January 25, 2015
What is hematoma?

Sometimes after a bruise or a strong blow, the doctor finds a hematoma. What is a hematoma, and what kinds of it exist?

Hematoma detection

Hematoma is an internal bruise that forms something similar to a tumor. The cavity under the skin is filled with blood from the damaged vessels, which usually happens with closed injuries. Since a connective membrane forms around the hematoma, the blood cannot return quickly. Over time, it resolves, and the bruise disappears, otherwise its removal requires surgical intervention.

Types of hematomas

Hematomas are distinguished depending on the place where they are formed. In particular, we can talk about the following types of them:

  1. Subcutaneous hematoma.
  2. Intramuscular hematoma.
  3. Intracranial hematoma.

There are also differences between them and as. The hematoma may be infected, coagulated or with signs of suppuration.

Recognize the subcutaneous hematoma by the presence of a characteristic seal and discoloration of the skin.Intramuscular or intracranial hematoma makes itself felt by the appearance of localized foci of severe pain and a sharp deterioration in well-being. Detected by ultrasound.