What is taiga?

Irina Vashchenko
Irina Vashchenko
December 1, 2014
What is taiga?

Anyone has at least a general idea of ​​the taiga. Most people to the question of what is taiga, without hesitation, immediately respond: "This is a forest." And indeed, the taiga is a word of Turkic origin, which is translated into Russian by the phrase “dense impassable forest”. This definition characterizes the coniferous forests of the temperate climate zone, which stretched in a wide strip across the vast expanses of all continents of the Northern Hemisphere.

Geographic boundaries of taiga

The forty-second northern parallel is considered the southern boundary of taiga forests, and in the north the taiga reaches up to seventy-second parallel.

Flora of the taiga

For the Ural taiga pine forests are most characteristic. In the Far Eastern taiga mainly grow larches and cedars. In the taiga forests growing in the north of the European continent, various species of spruce trees prevail. Ate typical for Canadian taiga, but in the forests of North America, pure spruce forests are rare, mostly diluted with American larch trees.The undergrowth in the taiga is very poorly developed - in the coniferous taiga forests only occasionally honeysuckle, juniper or currant bushes can be found. The ground is basically covered with a thick layer of fallen needles, and only sometimes islands of small shrubs of blueberries or cowberries form between trees.

Animal World Taiga

The animal world of taiga is quite diverse. The taiga fauna is represented by such species of large predators as wolves, brown bears, foxes, lynx and wolverine. Of the smaller predatory animals in the taiga, ermines, minks, martens and sables are common. In addition to predators, deer, moose, squirrels, chipmunks, hares, roes and more than a dozen other species of animals live in taiga forests.