What to do if there are white spots on the skin?

Any changes affecting the skin immediately become noticeable and very alarming. What to do if white spots appear on the skin?

Appearance mechanism

Special pigment melanin is responsible for the color of the skin, it is he who paints our body in its inherent color. The amount of such pigment can increase under the influence of sunlight. And if melanin levels are low, white spots may appear.

Manifestations

White spots on the skin can have different shapes and sizes. They may be small and almost imperceptible or large, round or having irregular edges. Anyway, the color of the spot will be very different from the normal skin color. And in some cases, peeling or dryness occurs at spots. Symptoms such as burning and itching may also occur.

Why do they appear and how to get rid of them?

Why do white spots appear on the skin? The reasons for their appearance may be different, and on each of them to tell separately.

Sunburn

The sun's rays are not always useful, especially straight and affect the skin for a long time. Everyone knows that sunburn can provoke severe skin burns. A few days after sunbathing and burns, blisters appear, the skin begins to peel. And under the old skin are new, quite fragile and tender.

They have not had time to get the sun's rays yet, so the amount of melanin is minimal, which causes an almost white shade. That is why many after sunburns appear white spots. It is not easy to get rid of them, but they will disappear themselves when the old tanned and dark skin is partially removed, and the new and light tan.

Moles

Moles or, in scientific terms, nevi can be not only dark, but also light. They are called hypopigmented, dipigmented or anemic.

There is almost no melanin in them, so they have a white tint. And if you see a bright little spot on the skin, slightly rising above the skin, then consult a dermatologist. If such a defect does not cause discomfort, then it should not be eliminated.If it increases in size, then the specialist may advise him to remove.

Birthmarks

White can be not only moles, but birthmarks. Such a stain is found in a newborn baby and remains on the skin for life. As a rule, it does not increase in size and does not make itself felt. If the spot is bothering the baby and is rapidly growing, then show the child to the dermatologist. He may suggest removal.

Fungal infections

Fungi can affect the skin and cause a number of infectious diseases, including the so-called white lichen. With this ailment, white spots appear on the skin, which usually flake off, cause discomfort and itch. It is worth remembering that versicolor is a contagious disease transmitted by contact. It is treated with the help of local antifungal agents, produced in the form of ointments, creams and gels.

Hypomelanosis

Hypomelanosis is a disease characterized by a reduced production of melanin pigment by specific skin cells, melanocytes. Such an ailment is considered hereditary and genetically conditioned, its causes are not established.With regard to treatment, then today there are no effective methods. Retinoids, corticosteroids, and cryomassage help relieve the condition and make the symptoms less pronounced.

Syphilis

Pale or white spots localized on the chest may be a symptom of secondary syphilis. This manifestation is called the necklace of Venus, since the rash often encircles the neck. Other symptoms may also be observed: a slight increase in temperature (up to 37.2-37.5 degrees), general malaise and weakness, and enlargement of the lymph nodes. Syphilis is treated with penicillin antibacterial drugs.

Leucoderma

Leucoderma is not so much an independent disease, as a separate manifestation of some diseases accompanied by inflammatory processes. Such processes lead to disturbances in the production of melanin by melanocytes, which is why white spots appear.

Leucoderma may occur in some skin diseases that occur in severe forms, for example, in psoriasis, eczema or leprosy (leprosy). Treatment should be aimed at eliminating the root cause, that is, the disease that caused skin lesions.

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a mysterious disease, the causes of which have not yet been clarified.White spots appear on the skin, which is associated with impaired melanin production in some areas. Disturbance of production may occur after damage, taking certain medications, severe stress, exposure to sunlight or after a previous illness.

Vitiligo can also be triggered by autoimmune processes in which the body destroys the skin cells melanocytes responsible for the production of melanin. Usually spots are the only symptom. They can merge with each other and cover large areas of skin.

Vitiligo can not be completely cured, but complex therapy will avoid the appearance of new spots and make the old ones less noticeable. Some procedures (UV irradiation) are used in conjunction with taking photosensitizing agents. Effective diet, as well as the intake of certain vitamin preparations.

When white spots appear, it is better to consult a dermatologist to avoid undesirable consequences.

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