What was Lenin?
Probably, for the present there are no such people in Russia who would not remember who Lenin was. Everyone knows that Vladimir Lenin was a revolutionary and organizer of the October Revolution of 1917, as well as the founder of the first socialist state in the world. What was Lenin, what are the main facts of his biography, as well as some interesting moments of his life that have been silent for so long?
So, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. The biography of this famous person begins April 22, 1870 in the city of Simbirsk. When in 1887 Lenin graduated from the Simbirsk gymnasium with a gold medal, he immediately entered the law faculty of Kazan University, but did not study there for a long time because of participation in student unrest. Despite this, in 1891 he passed all exams as an external student at the law faculty of St. Petersburg University and moved to Petersburg, where he began working as an assistant attorney.
So who was Vladimir Lenin? The biography of this man as a revolutionary began after a trip in 1895 to Switzerland, Germany and France, where he met with the main leaders of the labor movement.Returning to Petersburg, Lenin creates the “Union of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class,” but after a few months he is put in prison, and then sent to the village of Shushenskoye for 3 years. On July 10, 1898, Lenin, being an atheist, was crowned in the church with Nadezhda Krupskaya only because they were not separated from exile.
After the end of the exile, Lenin, together with other revolutionaries, travels around most of the Russian cities, where he creates connections with revolutionary cells. At the same time, with the support of Plekhanov in Switzerland, he begins to publish the newspaper Iskra, in the distribution of which Krupskaya helps him in many ways. Lenin lives abroad until 1917, making periodic visits to Russia to monitor the work of revolutionary cells, as well as creating his own communist works. Both in Russia and abroad, Lenin was arrested several times, interrogated, suspecting of espionage, but released.
In April 1917, Lenin came to St. Petersburg and spoke at the Finland Station with the April theses, which were published in parallel in the Pravda newspaper published by Lenin, and in October he organized an uprising that ended in revolution and the overthrow of the Tsarist regime.From that moment on, he became the leader of the country, participated in the destruction of the royal family and the creation of the Red Army, sought to end the war with Germany, and also played a direct role in defeating the army of Kolchak.
Since 1918, Lenin has created a policy of red terror, organizing executions and isolation of unreliable citizens in concentration camps, as well as sending the best representatives of the Russian intelligentsia abroad. Lenin led four companies whose main goal was the destruction of the Russian Orthodox Church by destroying churches and shooting priests. At the same time, it was Lenin who announced the total electrification of the country and the new NEP policy, the purpose of which was to develop backward Russia to the level of European countries.
Due to the severe consequences after the attempt on Lenin in 1918, as well as severe congestion, his health began to deteriorate sharply, and on January 21, 1924, he died in Gorki from cerebral hemorrhage. After his death, his body was embalmed and placed in a specially constructed Mausoleum on Red Square, where it remains to this day.
Special facts from the life of Lenin
Here are some interesting facts about the life of the leader of the world proletariat that may be interesting for the younger generation:
- the question of which surname is of Lenin can be resolved as follows: his real name Ulyanov has been replaced many times by different pseudonyms (V. Ilyin, Iv. Petrov, V. Frey, K.