What was the name of the first Soviet TV?
The idea of transferring the image did not give people peace in ancient times. As a confirmation of this statement, it is enough to recall at least the magic mirror of the sorceress Shalot, mentioned in the cycle of legends about King Arthur, or our Russian fairy-tale filling apple, which, complete with a plate, served as a kind of TV for Baba Yaga.
But it was only at the end of the nineteenth century that humankind finally reached a level of technical development in which this idea became possible to translate into reality. Since this time, for several decades, scientific research has been conducted and the basic principles of television broadcasting have been developed, and only in the early forties of the twentieth century there was a real breakthrough in this area - in 1931 an electronic television tube was patented.
This invention allowed to start a truly mass production of televisions. By the way, about who was the inventor of the world's first television, you can learn from our article Who invented the first television.
The first black and white TV in the USSR
The first trial transmission of the image over a distance in the Soviet Union was conducted in 1931, and the regular television broadcasting in our country began in March 1939.
The first Soviet device receiving the image was produced in 1932 in Leningrad, at the Comintern radio factory, and it was called “B – 2” in honor of its inventor A. Ya. Breybart. But the “B – 2”, equipped with a miniature screen, the size of a matchbox, did not yet have its own decoder, so it was not a full-fledged TV, but just an attachment that needed to be connected to a regular radio receiver.
A few years later, the Comintern set up the production of TK-1 TVs, which were not domestic development - they were produced under an American license. In total, the factory managed to make no more than two thousand such licensed TVs, and then the development of domestic television for several years was stopped by the war.
The truly first serial Soviet black-and-white TV is considered to be the KVN-49 TV, which was born in the late 1940s. Its name is an abbreviation composed of capital letters of the names of the designers of this national TV - V. K. Kenigson, N. M. Varshavsky and I. A. Nikolaevsky.In order to meet the growing needs of the population, the government of the country launched the production of these television sets in three cities at once - Leningrad, Voronezh and Baku.
KVN-49 received three television channels, had a very voluminous wooden case and a small screen measuring 10 by 14 centimeters, the image on which was better viewed through a special attached lens.
What was the name of the first Soviet color TV?
In parallel with the construction of new factories producing various black-and-white televisions, in the Soviet Union, work was underway to create color television. Trial color broadcasting was carried out since 1957. At that time, prototypes of the Raduga color TV sets were produced at the Kozitsky plant (the former Comintern), and in 1960 the Moscow Radio Factory produced a small batch of Temp-22 color television sets, but neither Raduga nor "Temp" did not hit.
The first truly popular color television was released in the USSR in 1967 at the Moscow Radio Factory and was called Rubin-401.
We briefly told you about the development of television.